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SRI JAAP SAHIB MEMORY AID


Some lines of gurbani are repeated - some even a few times. For example, in Japji Sahib, the following line occurs 4 times.
Nanak Bhagta Sda Vigaas Sunair Dukh Paap Ka Naas
So to be able to memorise Japji Sahib, it helps to know and remember where these repetitions occur.
In the same way, there are repetions in Sri Jaap Sahib too. This document helps to show the repetitions in Sri Jaap Sahib and knowing them helps to memorise Sri Jaap Sahib.
Download SRI JAAP SAHIB MEMORY AID


LENGTH OF THE DIFFERENT YUGS


The following is based on the limited understanding of the author who does not claim that everything is exactly as stated.

According to the Vedas :
Satjug lasts for 1,728,000 years
Tretayug - 1,296,000 years
Duapar - 864,000 years
Kalyug - 432,000 years
Total = 4,320,000 years - also called a Mahayug.

One Mahayug = 4320K years

1000 Mahayug = One Kalpa = one day time of Brahma's life.
During his day, life exists in universe.
At the end, MahaParlo comes and all life (planets etc) cease to exist.

1000 Mahayug = One Pralaya = one night time of Brahma's life.
In night time, no form of life exists.

Brahma lives for 100 years (360 days per year).
This is equal to 4,320,000 * 1000 * 2 * 360 * 100
= 311,040,000,000,000 Earth years

Satjug 1,728K years = 432K * 4
Tretayug 1,296K years = 432K * 3
Duapar 864K years = 432K * 2
Kalyug 432K years = 432K * 1

The legs of Dharma are used to denote the strength and steadfastness of Dharma.

Satyug (432K * 4 years) is supported by 4 legs of Dharma ie very stable.
Average Human life = 100,000 years.

Tretayug (432K * 3 years) is supported by 3 legs of Dharma.
Average Human life = 10,000 years.

Duapar (432K * 2 years) is supported by 2 legs of Dharma.
Average Human life = 1,000 years.

Kalyug (432K * 1 years) is supported by 1 leg of Dharma ie very shaky.
Average Human life = 100 years.


Gurbani says that before the yugs started with creation as we see it, for 36 yugs, there was utter silence and absolute darkness. After 36 yugs, God gave a hukam and instantly all of creation was created.

ਕੇਤੇ ਜੁਗ ਵਰਤੇ ਗੁਬਾਰੈ ॥
For many ages, only darkness prevailed;

ਤਾੜੀ ਲਾਈ ਅਪਰ ਅਪਾਰੈ ॥
the infinite, endless Lord was absorbed in the primal void.

ਧੁੰਧੂਕਾਰਿ ਨਿਰਾਲਮੁ ਬੈਠਾ ਨਾ ਤਦਿ ਧੰਧੁ ਪਸਾਰਾ ਹੇ ॥੧॥
He sat alone and unaffected in absolute darkness; the world of conflict did not exist.

ਜੁਗ ਛਤੀਹ ਤਿਨੈ ਵਰਤਾਏ ॥
Thirty-six ages passed like this.

ਜਿਉ ਤਿਸੁ ਭਾਣਾ ਤਿਵੈ ਚਲਾਏ ॥
He causes all to happen by the Pleasure of His Will.

ਤਿਸਹਿ ਸਰੀਕੁ ਨ ਦੀਸੈ ਕੋਈ ਆਪੇ ਅਪਰ ਅਪਾਰਾ ਹੇ ॥੨॥
No rival of His can be seen. He Himself is infinite and endless.
(Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji 1026)


ਛਤੀਹ ਜੁਗ ਗੁਬਾਰੁ ਸਾ ਆਪੇ ਗਣਤ ਕੀਨੀ ॥
For thirty-six ages, there was utter darkness. Then, the Lord revealed Himself.

ਆਪੇ ਸ੍ਰਿਸਟਿ ਸਭ ਸਾਜੀਅਨੁ ਆਪਿ ਮਤਿ ਦੀਨੀ ॥
He Himself created the entire universe. He Himself blessed it with understanding.
(Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji 949)


It is stated in Sri Sarabloh Granth and Vaaran Bhai Sahib Gurdas Ji that Sri Guru Nanak Dev Sahib Ji did intense meditation for 36 yugs to prepare the Waheguru Mantar.
There are four letters in Waheguru mantar.
It took 9 yug to get one letter Wa to be completed.
It took another 9 yug to get the next letter He ready.
Then, another nine yug for the next letter Gu.
Finally, in another nine yug came the last letter Ru.
Gurbani says that there was total darkness for 36 yugs and in that 36 yugs, the Waheguru Gurmantar was prepared.
This is equal to 1430K * 36 = 51,480,000 Earth years.
For more information on this, please read page 280 of the book DIVINE MYSTIC REFLECTIONS ON GURMAT BOOK 1



SOME INTERESTING INFORMATION ABOUT


RAAGS IN GURBANI


There is a link between music and our moods. A lullaby soothes us to sleep; a love song arouses our amorousness; pop music sets our feet tapping; while devotional songs evoke our spirituality.
Our sages and musicologists of yore studied this relationship between music and the human psyche and evolved raags that linked our changing moods to changes in nature.
What emerged was what we refer to as the time cycle of raags. There is a special raag for each period of the day., representing each mood.
A raag has a preferred timing associated with it. There are some morning raags, evening raags, afternoon raags, etc.
Seasonal ragas are to be sung during the particular season (at any time of the day and night) are Malar in the rainy season (July to September) and Basant in the spring season (March and April). If sung out of season, the timing indicated below should be followed.

DAY TIME

6am - 9am
Bhairari
Devgandhari

9am - 12 noon
Sarang
Suhi
Bilaval
Gujri
Gond
Todi

12 Noon - 3pm
Vadhans
Maru
Dhanasari
Tilang

3pm - 6pm
Maajh
Gauri
Tukhari

NIGHT TIME

6pm - 9pm
Sri Raag
Basant
Maali Gauri
Jaitasri
Kedaara
Kalyan

9pm - 12 midnight
Bihaagara
Nat Narayan
Sorath
Malaar
Kaanra

12 midnight - 3am
Jaijawanti
Bhairaav

3am - 6am
Asa
Raamkali
Parbhati
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